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8 Essential Steps for CPR Everyone Should Know

When an individual is not breathing, his impulses will slow down; after that heartbeat will stop. If this happens, do heart cardiopulmonary resuscitation compressions and help rescue the breath this will enable circulation and get the oxygen into the body.

An automated external defibrillator (AED), if available, can be used to rescue a person with such kind of breathing difficulty, and it might restore heart normal rhythm.

From calling the emergency services to repeating chest compressions and rescue breaths, here are the essential steps for cardiopulmonary resuscitation everyone should learn.

Call Emergency Services

In an emergency situation, the first thing you should always do is to contact your emergency services provider as fast as possible. Call the emergency hotlines number and tell them your area of emergency. This reminds you that it’s important to keep at least a copy of the emergency services number.

 EMT will dispatch an ambulance staffed with at least two paramedics to your emergency area. It does not end there, as the dispatched unit will be on their way to attend to you, emergency service operator will talk to you through the procedure of the cardiopulmonary resuscitation until the team arrives.

Make Sure the Scene is clean

As you seek help from emergency services providers, try to clear the scene by pushing road passers whose attention is caught by the situation away from the patient and unbutton them to have the fresh air.

In case of other emergencies apart from breathing problems, check all possible and exposed harmful objects to ensure everyone’s safety is observed, including yours.

Position your Hand above the Patient’s Chest

When you’re offering cardiopulmonary resuscitation to a patient, make sure the patient is lying on his back on a flat and firm surface.

Kneel beside the patient and position the heel of your hand on the center of their chest.

Interlock Fingers (above)

Keep your arms straight and cover the immediate hand with your heel of the other hand and interlock the fingers together. Before beginning the patient’s resuscitation, keep your fingers off the patient’s rib cage or chest by raising them.

Give Chest Compression

Take a step backward and lean forward in that your patient’s chest is directly below your shoulders and exert little pressure by pressing down to around 1.5 to 2 inches. Let go of the pressure but not your interlocked hands, and repeat the process again and gain.

Open the Airway

Tilt the patient’s head and lift their chin this will open the airway but remember their mouth should be slightly opened to gasp for air in the process of cardiopulmonary resuscitation.

Oxygenation enables more control by ensuring that patients get neither too much nor too less oxygen.

Give Rescue Breath

Have the nostrils closed by hand on the forehead and support the patient’s chin using the other hand. Take a deep breath, put your mouth to the patient’s mouth, and blow air into it until you see the chest rise from the ground.

One should more cautious when giving life breath to a person with sores on the as it may result contraction some sexually transmitted dissease. A lot of caution should be taken.

Repeat Chest Compressions and Rescue Breaths

Place your hands on the chest as you repeat the process of 30 chest compressions. Follow it immediately with two to three rescue breaths.


You need to maintain this procedure until emergency services come to your aid which may take much time. In case there are cardiopulmonary resuscitation capable people around you, allow them to flex with this process.