Which Statement About the Knee is Incorrect?
Which statement about the knee is incorrect? The knee joint is one whose tibial condyles form deep cups. There are ligaments that stabilize the knee and several bursae that secrete synovial fluid to protect it from lateral forces. The knee is very sensitive to lateral forces, including the impact of falling. However, the surrounding bone structure helps stabilize it.
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One of the most common causes of disability and the costliest disease in the US is arthritis, which affects about one in five adults. It costs $188 billion annually, which includes $108 billion in lost wages and $80 billion in medical expenses. While many people associate knee OA with aging, the fact is that this condition is not a normal part of aging. A healthy lifestyle can prevent OA.
The joint connecting the thigh to the leg is called a knee. The human knee is composed of two joints: the patellofemoral (between the tibia, patella) and the tibiofemoral (between the femur and the femur). It is a modified hinge joint, and therefore prone to osteoarthritis. The knee is also prone to cartilage degeneration, and arthritis in this area can result in severe pain.
The knee is vulnerable to lateral forces
The bones of the knee do not provide stability for the joint. Instead, the supporting soft tissues around it provide support. These soft tissues include the menisci and ligaments, tendons, and fascia. The supporting structures are divided by location and are demonstrated in Figure 1.
The major forces acting on the knee are translation, angulation, internal and external rotation, hyperextension, and direct blow. These forces cause different patterns of injury. Direct blows to the knee can cause either injury or distraction. Both types of injuries can cause bone marrow swelling. Often, though, the bone injury is broad, the distraction is more concentrated. In both types of injuries, ligament avulsion is involved. Noncontiguous injuries are characterized by a sudden translation of two bones after ligamentous rupture.
The lateral forces of the knee are especially important after a knee replacement because the materials used do not remodel or regenerate. In addition, the knee is more vulnerable to contact stress. Because contact stresses are directly related to the magnitude of the force, they are directly implicated in the development of articular wear. This is largely due to the contact stress imposed on the bearing surfaces. The contact stresses between the femoral bone and the tibial bone are transferred by the menisci at the knee.
Direct blow to the proximal fibula can cause a fracture or bony contusion, resulting in lateral knee pain. Acute patellar dislocations may also occur as a result of a severe medial ankle sprain or fracture. A lateral knee exam should be done in either case. The symptom of a fractured fibula is pain during joint motion, and focal bony tenderness will occur at the fibular head or neck. A fractured fibula can also cause pain at the joint line or other structures.
The knee is a complicated synovial joint that is highly susceptible to injury. It consists of two joints, the tibiofemoral joint between the femur and tibia, and the patellofemoral joint between the femur, or kneecap. These synovial joints allow the knee to bend, straighten and rotate. Injuries to this complex joint can occur in a wide variety of circumstances, ranging from minor sprains to major fractures.
The ACL is one the most important structures of the knee. It is able to resist lateral forces on the knee, and it retrains anterior translation. The ACL is a crucial structural component of the knee and is effective against lateral forces when it is in a closed-pack position. To prevent further injury, you will need immediate treatment for any injury to this ligament. The lateral side of the knee can also be affected by ACL injuries.
It is stabilized with ligaments
The knee is stabilized by ligaments, which are tough bands that connect bones. Four ligaments link the upper leg bone to lower leg bone and control movement at the knee. The anterior cruciate ligament crosses the knee joint inside the center, stabilizing front-to-back movement. The lateral collateral ligament links the tibia and the fibula to prevent it from sliding under the femur.
The knee is home to two major ligaments, the tibial collateral (TCL), and the lateral collateral (LCL). The tibial collateral and the lateral collateral ligaments attach to the medial and sagittal surface of the femur. The anterior cruciate ligament attaches to the fibula from the medial intercondylar area of the tibia. Together, these ligaments stabilize the knee and prevent the anterior dislocation of the tibia onto the femur.
The ACL is the main ligament that stabilizes the knee. It runs from the femur down to the tibia, and provides stability for the knee during rotation. The stability of the outer knee is provided by the posterior cruciate ligament. It is the strongest of the three and mainly responsible for the stabilization of the knee in flexion. This ligament is most frequently injured. It is important to know which type of ligament you have, and where it is located on your leg.
Two more important ligaments are the lateral collateral ligament and the cruciate ligament. These structures are crucial in stabilizing the knee joint. The menisci are special kinds of ligaments that sit between the femur and tibia. These ligaments act as shock absorbers in your knee and protect the ends from rubbing, stabilising your knee. Finally, there are bursae in the knee joint and surrounding tendons. Bursae are present in the knee to keep the joint lubricated and reduce friction, which is essential for proper movement.
The knee joint capsule consists of a thick fibrous layer on the surface and a thinner one beneath. The capsule is strengthened by a network ligaments that reach deep within the knee joint and stabilize it. These ligaments transfer tension to the structures of the knee. The knee’s structural stability is strengthened by the flexed position. The synovial membrane is another important ligament. This membrane is a specialized one that provides nourishment to the surrounding structures, such as the cartilage. The knee joint is also lubricated by synovial fluid. The knee joint is protected by the bursa and the infrapatellar fat pads.
The menisci play an important role in knee stability. They prevent excessive weight concentration by acting as shock absorbers between tibias and femurs. They also help the ligaments perform their functions by improving the stability of the knee. When injured, they can cause the knee to stop working correctly. The most common way to injure the menisci is by sudden twisting while planted.