Hyperthermia is a general term that refers to a variety of conditions that are characterized by high body temperatures. The core body temperature of a person is usually 37 C or 986 F. Which of the following best describes hyperthermia? Choose the correct answer by referring to the patient’s core temperature and examining the person.
Hyperthermia is a symptom of high body temperature that is caused by changes in the surrounding environment. Hyperthermia can occur for many reasons, including medication to treat a head injury or infection. Other causes include an increase in internal temperature due to excessive exposure to high air temperatures. Regardless of the cause, hyperthermia is dangerous for the person experiencing it, as sweating alone will not be enough to keep the body temperature normal.
Two of the most dangerous forms of hyperthermia are heat exhaustion or heat stroke. Both of these conditions can lead to life-threatening complications, particularly for children and people with weak immune systems. Additionally, heat stroke is particularly dangerous for people over 65. Hyperthermia can also cause complications in people with kidney disease and heart problems. It’s not unusual for people with these conditions to die after undergoing a heat stroke.
Heat stroke is the most severe form hyperthermia. When the body’s temperature reaches 104 degrees Fahrenheit, this is known as heat stroke. This condition is often accompanied with rapid heartbeat, mental changes, and dry, flaky skin. Heat stroke victims should seek immediate medical attention. People with medical conditions or injuries may suffer from hyperthermia even at rest. Certain occupations can put people in extremely hot conditions and may even be wearing protective gear that restricts the flow of air.
If you suspect that you’re experiencing symptoms of heat stroke, the best course of action is to immediately move to a cool place. If your cramps last for more than an hour or continue, you should seek medical attention immediately. Call 911 and be transported to an emergency room right away. If the symptoms of hyperthermia persist, your healthcare provider may recommend intravenous fluids, electrolytes, and chilled fluids.
Regional hyperthermia is another treatment method. This method uses heat to target a large area. For example, this technique is used to treat tumors located beneath or on the skin. An ultrasound heat device is used to heat the tumor. Intraluminal hyperthermia, on the other hand, involves inserting a probe into a body cavity to kill cancer cells. If it’s an internal cavity, radio waves are used instead.
During a surgical procedure, anesthesia providers should be alert for signs of hypothermia. Uncontrollable shaking or shivering are signs of malignant hypothermia. However, this is less common than anesthesia-induced hypothermia. However, it is important to monitor patients’ core temperatures during surgery because it can have significant consequences for the patient’s condition.