Which statement about carbohydrate digestion is true? It depends on what type of carbohydrate was consumed and what enzymes were used to break it down. Generally speaking, a complex carbohydrate is broken down into simple sugars, which enterocytes can easily absorb. Some complex carbohydrates, like starch, can be difficult to break down. They are composed of many glucose molecules linked together by glycosidic bonds.
The primary purpose of carbohydrate digestion is to break down a complex polysaccharide into simple molecules, known as monosaccharides, which can then be transported to different organs and tissues in the body. Digestive enzymes are used in the human body to break down starch, sugars like glucose, fructose, and other sugars into simple sugars such as glucose. These sugars are then transported to the liver where they are converted into energy-rich glucose.
After entering the small intestine, the sugars are broken down by the liver, and transported into the bloodstream as glucose. Insulin facilitates the transporting of glucose to the cells. The colon then breaks down the carbohydrates further by intestinal bacteria. Fiber, another component of most carbohydrates is also found in the colon. It is then eliminated through stool.
You should seek medical attention if you have a disorder in carbohydrate digestibility. GI is a measure of how quickly a food is absorbed by the body. The colon absorbs starches and disaccharides that are not properly digested. In addition, some people have a genetic disorder called galactosemia. This disease can affect the digestive process and lead to liver damage, learning disabilities, and reproductive problems.
Simple carbohydrates are those that only contain one or two sugar molecules. This type of carbohydrate will quickly raise the blood sugar level and cause insulin secretion to be high, which is a bad sign. Complex carbohydrates have three or more sugar molecules and are digested more slowly, resulting in a long-lasting energy boost. The body will then use the energy in the food for normal cell functioning, growth, and repair.
Carbohydrates start their digestion in the mouth by being mechanically broken down by salivary enzyme amylase. The pancreas produces this enzyme and will break down starches into simple sugars like maltose or dextrin. These sugars are then broken down further by the small intestine wall with the help of enzymes called lactase and sucrase.