Energy balance is the amount of calories you burn and the amount you consume. The amount of exercise you get and the type of food you eat also affects this balance. An inactive person uses more energy than an active one and therefore needs to eat fewer calories than a physically active person. If your calorie intake exceeds the amount of energy you use, you will store more fat. If your calorie intake is greater than your body needs, you will be in an energy deficit.
The relationship between energy intake and consumption affects energy balance in many ways, including how much you exercise. The amount of calories you consume will influence how much you burn. If you eat more than you expend, your body will store excess calories as fat. If your energy intake exceeds your energy expenditure, you will have more fat. As an adult, your body will naturally adjust and maintain its energy balance by consuming fewer calories than you use.
When you are young, the energy balance equation remains positive throughout your growth and adulthood. A positive energy balance reflects your growing weight, but you should be careful about the level of energy in your body during your adolescence. By the time you reach your middle age, your energy balance is about average. However, as you age, you will lose muscle and lose fat. You won’t reach an energy balance state that is “perfect,” so you will always be in a constant state of excess fat.
The energy balance equation is always changing, but it remains positive throughout your life. As you grow, you gain fat and lose skeletal muscle. As you get older, you will lose the muscle that enables you to remain in an energy balanced state. This results in an approximate average energy balance. Regardless of age, you will never achieve an “ideal” energy balance. You will be more likely to accumulate stored body fat than to burn it.
Energy balance is important for your health and the health of your heart. Without the greenhouse effect, Earth’s temperature would be -18 degC (0 degrees Fahrenheit) and life would not have evolved. The greenhouse effect has kept the Earth’s temperature 15 degC (59 degrees F) for millennia. If you’re not getting enough exercise, your body will store the fat.
In the United States, half of the population has a BMI over 30. Moreover, your dietary habits and exercise levels affect your energy balance. If your calorie intake is greater than your energy usage, your body will store fat. If you exercise regularly, you’ll increase your energy levels. If you exercise inactively, your body will store more fat. The best way to achieve an energy balance is to keep a healthy BMI.
The relationship between energy in and energy out affects your health. It is the ratio of calories you consume versus the amount of energy you burn. If your calorie intake is higher than your energy use, your stored body fat will increase. If you exercise regularly, you’ll have a healthy energy balance. If your calorie intake is greater than your energy output, your body will store more fat. You should be aware of this relationship.
While the energy balance equation remains positive throughout a person’s life, it changes over time. During the growth years, most people’s energy balance is positive and their bodies are growing. In later life, the energy balance of adults is more negative than ideal because they are gaining fat and losing skeletal muscle. If your calorie intake is higher than your energy use, your body will store more fat in the form of stored body fat.
Energy balance is important for health. Studies have shown that people with a high BMI have a high risk of being overweight. This is not a good sign because the amount of energy you burn is important for your health. If you don’t exercise regularly, your energy balance will increase and you’ll have more stored body fat than you burn. So, while you should be exercising daily, make sure you’re eating less than your body requires for activity.