Belmont Report and the National Research Act of 1974 Quizlet
During the era of the National Research Act of 1974, African Americans were concerned about the practice of U.S. medical practice and distrusted of the health care system. However, in recent years, there have been some developments that have increased the trust between doctors and patients. This is due to the Belmont Report and Principles of Beneficence and Justice. Hopefully, these changes will help increase the health care of African Americans in the United States.
Principle of beneficence
Fortunately, the National Institutes of Health has a more than capable regulatory arm in the form of the Office of Science and Technology, aka OIST. This behemoth has a hefty budget to burn and is tasked with ensuring that the resulting research will generate useful insights and new technologies in the service of knowledge. The Office of Science and Technology’s mission is to facilitate a culture of innovation, discovery, and stewardship that benefits the research community as a whole. Aside from the oh so-so long list of research subjects, OIST has an equally robust and tenacious oversight of the laboratory environment. As such, the organization has a robust and well-defined set of policies and procedures. This includes the OIST’s signature Quality Control Program, which is responsible for conducting rigorous, impartial, and fair reviews of all research projects and activities, and providing guidance to researchers on research ethics and best practices.
Principle of justice
During the height of the Great recession, the nation’s largest hospital was cutting its medical staff to the bone. The good news is, a few savvy medical professionals stepped up to the plate and made sure that patients were not being ripped off. The resulting improvements in patient care and hospital efficiency were subsequently passed along to private payers. This made for a happy medical staff and a happy patient population. As a result, the hospital was able to make a tidy profit. That was all the more impressive when it was discovered that these gains were the result of a well executed insurance policy. The hospital was the envy of the nation’s medical community, and it was a time for the hospital’s leadership to shine.
The best part is that the hospital was only a few miles from the office. This means that employees could feasibly pop home for a quick lunch and still make it back in time for workday start time. The hospital also provided its own on site parking lot, something that most other hospitals in the area couldn’t match.
Generally, a Belmont Report and the national research act of 1974 quizlet is a summary of a series of ethical guidelines for research. These guidelines include the ethical principles of beneficence, justice, and integrity. These principles were created by the National Commission for the Protection of Human Subjects of Biomedical and Behavioral Research. They were then incorporated into federal regulations.
Beneficence is a principle which states that individuals have an obligation to protect others from harm. This means that researchers must take the necessary precautions to minimize risks. The amount of protection provided to an individual subject should depend on the probability of harm. It also means that researchers have a responsibility to provide information that is accurate, fair, and sufficient.
Justice is another principle which raises questions about who should bear the burdens of research. It also promotes equitable representation in research. It is also important to ensure that reasonable procedures are administered fairly.
African American distrust of U.S. medical practice
Despite the fact that the federal government mandates the inclusion of women and minorities in federally funded research, participation rates among African Americans continue to be lower than those of Whites. The reason for this is mistrust. African Americans do not believe that they are being treated adequately by health care providers.
The Tuskegee Syphilis Study laid the foundation for mistrust of the health care system. The study reinforced views that the medical establishment was biased against African Americans and that the federal government was injected syphilis into study participants.
Researchers at a prestigious U.S. university recruited African American boys for a study that evaluated aggressive behaviors. During the study, the boys were administered fenfluramine, a medication that is suspected to promote aggressive behavior. During the study, subjects were also asked to participate in a survey that never told the subjects that the survey was designed to detect syphilis. In addition, doctors and researchers used the term “bad blood,” a local colloquialism for leukemia and anemia.