Which Theorist Published Research Related to the Psychology of Personality?
In this article, you will learn about the psychology of personality and its theories. You will also learn about Carl Jung and Sigmund Freud. Karen Horney and Abraham Maslow also contributed to the field. Each of them has been associated with the psychology of personality in different ways.
Carl Jung was a psychologist and cultural icon, influencing generations of psychology undergraduates. His work on the psychology of personality is a cornerstone of modern psychology. His published research can be found in a number of books, including The Portable Jung, published by Penguin Books, and two Essays on Analytical Psychology. He also wrote The Psychology of the Unconscious, which focuses on the unconscious part of man’s mind.
Jung’s theory has become popular among students who are struggling to deal with the realities of life. When life gets too challenging, some people retreat into fantasy or complex ideologies. Others seek comfort in Gnostic or Tantric religions, which often include complex rosters of angels and endless discussions of symbols. Jung’s theory tries to provide a solution to this dilemma. But his ideas must be analyzed carefully.
The Austrian neuroscientist and psychologist Sigmund Freud is often called the “father of psychoanalysis”. His groundbreaking work influenced many other psychologists and is still cited today. He conceived the idea of the unconscious and developed concepts such as infantile sexuality and defense mechanisms. He also proposed a three-part account of the structure of the mind. These ideas have a profound effect on psychology and even the fabric of society.
Freud believed that the subconscious consists of “unconscious material,” which is hidden from conscious reflection. He believed that the difficulty in freely associating indicated the importance of this unconscious material. As a result, he referred to blockages as “resistance”, which revealed hidden conflicts within a person. Freud also cited the case of female hysterics as proof for his theory.
Although her published work is rooted in the psychology of personality, she has been criticized by psychoanalysts for her political views and her refusal to follow Freud’s orthodoxy. In the 1920s, she was treated as a pariah by her colleagues at the Berlin Institute. In addition, she criticized Freud’s theory of male-domination. The controversy over her statements has lasted for decades.
Horney was born in Germany in 1885 and studied at the University of Berlin. Her training included studying psychoanalysis under Karl Abraham, a friend of Sigmund Freud. After completing her studies, she worked in hospitals in Berlin as a psychiatrist. Later, she moved to the US to become an associate director of the Institute for Psychoanalysis.
Abraham Maslow studied psychology at the University of Wisconsin, where he studied human behavior and primatedominance behavior. He was influenced by the behaviorism movement, and wrote a master’s thesis on the topic of verbal material. His thesis was later removed from the psychology library, but his mentor Hulsey Cason admired it and republished it as two articles in 1934.
Maslow’s work focuses on the hierarchy of human needs. He believed that humans have certain physiological needs that they must meet in order to survive. The basic needs of warmth, food, and shelter form the base of Maslow’s pyramid. Once these needs are met, the next level is safety and security.
The psychology of personality is a branch of psychology that is concerned with the development of a person’s personality and motivation. Maslow’s hierarchy of needs is perhaps the most important idea in the field. It includes the basic needs of a person such as safety, respect, mastery, and autonomy. In his theory, these needs are interconnected and may influence behavior as adults. According to Maslow, a healthy relationship with one’s self is essential for healthy relationships with others.
Abraham Maslow’s research in the area of psychology became more popular after the Second World War, when he was thirty-three years old and father of two children. He was convinced that psychological research could help restore peace in the world and he conducted his research with renewed urgency. During the mid-1940s, he introduced the theory of the hierarchy of needs.