A Growing Body of Research Indicates That Capital Punishment Is Not an Effective Deterrent Against Murder
A growing body of research indicates that capital punishment is not an effective deterrent against murder. Even the most renowned legal scholars are beginning to change their views on the death penalty. Recent studies suggest that capital punishment is not proportional to crime, does not deter violent crime, and is costly to administer.
Death penalty does not deter murder
While a deterrent effect is present in many cases, recent research indicates that capital punishment has limited effect on crime. Specifically, the deterrent effect of capital punishment appears to be small and only significant when executed after a threshold number of crimes. In many states, however, capital punishment increases the number of murders.
Capital punishment has a deterrent effect in a small number of states. But, many states with low execution rates are inadvertently executing people. It is estimated that executions lead to another 250 murders a year. This means that if a state wants to achieve deterrence, it must execute a large number of individuals.
It is not a racially neutral punishment
Recent reports indicate that the death penalty is disproportionately applied to people of color. The number of black death row prisoners is up to 16, and more than seventy percent of all federal capital cases recommended for prosecution involved a minority defendant. While it is possible that racism plays a role in capital punishment, it is not the only factor in this trend.
Although the racial profile of defendants is not the only factor influencing the likelihood of a death sentence, it still remains a significant factor. In most cases, a black defendant’s odds of death sentence are nearly four times higher than that of white defendants. This disparity is evident even after accounting for other factors such as the severity of the crime and the background of the defendant.
It is distributed proportionately
Capital punishment is a serious crime and should be handed down in proportion to the offense. Research indicates that it is not proportionately distributed across the country. The disproportionate distribution of capital punishment is partly due to racial discrimination. For example, in the United States, whites are far more likely to be sentenced to death than Blacks. Nevertheless, there are ways to combat this.
One way to combat this inequality is to change the racial makeup of the jury pool. There are many studies on the distribution of capital punishment. A recent study found that white defendants are twice as likely to receive a death sentence as black defendants. Nevertheless, nonwhite defendants are more likely to be sentenced to death for killing whites.
It is expensive
According to recent studies, the death penalty is costly, wasteful, and ineffective. It takes the time of judges and juries to determine whether to execute a person, and it burdens the criminal justice system. It also robs the public of the scarce resources needed to prevent and solve crime.
One study found that the death penalty cost $4 billion since 1978. In addition, the process of jury selection takes months longer than in other murder trials. And the cost of hiring a jury can run up to $200,000, according to Paula Mitchell, a professor at the University of Kansas School of Law.
It is arbitrary
Regardless of whether you are an advocate of abolition or for life in prison, you should know that capital punishment is cruel and inhumane. This is due in large part to the fact that the death penalty regime gives courts a great deal of discretion in making a death sentence. This means that even if the sentence is deemed arbitrary by the prosecution, the court can still uphold the sentence.
Research shows that the death penalty is arbitrary and discriminatory, and violates the basic principles of due process and elementary justice. Moreover, it fails to deliver on the promise of public safety. In fact, the death penalty has largely failed to achieve these goals, and the number of executions has steadily decreased since the 1970s. In addition, racial bias is a significant factor in the application of capital punishment, and there is substantial evidence to prove that this policy discriminates against certain ethnic groups.
It is based on race
In a study of murder cases, researchers found that race played a significant role in sentencing. While race is not a clear-cut factor in determining capital punishment, it is known to affect the severity of the punishment. One study examined the race of the victims and defendants in 308 capital cases. In those cases, black defendants were more likely to be sentenced to death than white defendants.
The findings of the study suggest that race is a key factor in determining whether a defendant is charged with capital murder or receives the death penalty. This effect is evident at all stages of the judicial process, with stronger evidence at the earlier stages. Furthermore, more than three-fourths of studies found that race of the victim affected the decision to seek capital punishment.