What Constitutes Engagement in Research?
Whether or not a person is engaged in research depends on a number of factors, such as the purpose of the research and the types of activities involved. For example, some activities that constitute engagement in research are conducting interviews, obtaining consent, and conducting research studies. For example, the researcher conducting a study should get consent from a representative of the group being studied and make sure that the subject’s rights are protected.
Obtaining consent for a research study
Obtaining consent for a research study involves a number of steps and procedures. The process varies depending on the type of study and the context in which it is conducted. It should be a collaborative process between the potential subject and the researcher.
First, the researcher must provide sufficient information to the potential subject about the study. This information should include the risks, benefits, and possible outcomes. It should also be presented in a manner that is understandable to the potential subject.
In some cases, a research study may benefit from the participation of family members or close friends. In these cases, the researcher should take the time to explain the benefits and risks to the participant’s family and friends.
The research study should also include an opportunity for the potential subject to withdraw from the research without penalty. This may occur at any time. It can also be a time-consuming process.
Conducting research interviews
Using interviews is an important tool for gathering data, particularly for complex issues. Interviews are also used to triangulate data and strengthen research designs. It’s important to have a good understanding of how interviews work, so that they can be adapted to suit your research.
Interviews can be conducted in a face-to-face setting, over the telephone or online. It’s important to use a method that allows participants to open up and speak freely. Interviewers should establish rapport and remain calm. Interviews should take place on neutral topics. Interviewers should also remain interested and polite throughout the interview.
Researchers should also provide a clear rationale for conducting interviews. They should discuss how they are using interviews and what ethical considerations are involved. In addition, they should outline the process of data analysis and writing up.
A key role of the researcher is to ensure that the participant does not deviate from the research. The researcher should also be a neutral observer, allowing the participant to express their feelings freely.
Intellectual property (IP) in research
Managing Intellectual property (IP) is part and parcel of any collaborative R&D project. In a nutshell, it involves managing the rights of inventors and negotiating licenses. The good news is that most universities have an in-house intellectual property (IP) specialist. Aside from this person, a good knowledge of IP should be incorporated into the company’s culture.
For example, the first step to protecting sensitive information is to train your employees in the art of IP protection. There are two main types of IP: hard (patents, patent applications) and soft (trademarks, trademark applications). You should have a formal agreement defining which information should be kept secret and which should be disclosed to potential collaborators.
Another good idea is to establish a formal process for generating and reviewing patent applications. This will help ensure that the best ones are filed and those that are not are discarded. It will also give you peace of mind.
Shifting power balances
Several individuals or organizations can exercise various degrees of power in the business world. Despite these differences, power is an incredibly complex concept. In order to succeed in business, professionals must understand how to shift power balances. There are several ways to accomplish this, such as engaging stakeholders and engaging in legal counter-strategies.
One of the most important factors in shifting power balances is understanding the source of power. The emergence of new powers has altered the global political economy. These new powers bring new interests and ideas to the international arena. They have changed the global balance of power and can bring new political solutions to many societal issues. These new powers have created informal clubs such as IBSA and BRICS.
One way to shift power balances in the business world is through value enhancement. When subordinates make themselves indispensable to supervisors, they can gain leverage and change power dynamics. Another way is to expand alternatives, which gives subordinates more freedom to create a real difference. This increases the safety distance for subordinates from abusive supervisors.