What is a grand jury right? In simple terms, this is a jury of 12 people who investigate charges of a crime. This group of individuals makes lawful statements about accused people. The grand jury decides whether there is sufficient evidence to convict someone of a crime. It is controlled by a prosecutor, even though it has more power that a petit jury. A grand jury typically has three members: the prosecution, the witness, or the defense.
A grand jury is not required to indict capital offenses, nor for militia or military personnel who serve during times of public danger. Its members must not be forced to testify against themselves. Without due process, no person can be taken from his property, liberty, or life. Private property cannot be taken for public purposes without due process. Hence, a grand jury is an essential investigative tool.