The role of women in industry grew over time, from domestic workers in wealthy households to becoming the leaders in the industry. They also got involved in manly jobs like the mining and production of metals. When women started entering the industry, they were still seen as a threat to their male counterparts. This changed when women started running for office and working in factories. Now, women are the leaders in almost every industry, from mining to the manufacturing industries.
The social developments during the time period of industrialization changed the nature of work for women. Public education increased the need for more teachers, and the growth of industrial enterprises required more salespeople and office workers. Because most women had little education, most of them worked in manual labor or in domestic service. In such jobs, they were often exposed to health risks and had limited options. Women who were educated did not have the same options as those who did not have much education.
Despite the fact that women had limited rights at the beginning of the nineteenth century, they were replacing men in their roles. At the Pennsylvania Railroad, for example, there were 4,000 women in the workforce. Their number rose from 1,494 to 3,700 in a five-month period. Articles about women railroad workers talked about their needs and responsibilities, and criticized their employers for the unsuitable working conditions and unequal pay.
Women are increasingly involved in the workforce, but their roles in the manufacturing sector remain largely male-dominated. While the United Nations Industrial Development Organization reports that 37 percent of women are employed in manufacturing, it does not report how they are classified. Other sources such as the International Labour Organization, however, provide statistics on employment by gender, status, and economic activity. This information is growing, but still patchy. While women do participate in manufacturing, they typically hold lower-level positions and are not as highly educated as their male counterparts.
In addition to the lack of gender parity, women aren’t often given equal opportunities for early promotion. Many companies are increasing the representation of women in technical roles. Structured promotion processes, mentoring from senior women, and career development opportunities for women in these areas are proven to be effective. They can have a positive effect on a company’s technology functions, while creating a diverse leadership team. So why do women face such barriers in their career?
The gender gap in the business world is massive. According to the Census Bureau, women now hold more than 15% of the top executive roles in the U.S. and United Kingdom. This is significant progress, but we still need to do a lot more to close this gap. In addition to gender parity in the workplace, women also need to increase their participation in STEM fields to gain more power. So, what was the role of women as industry increased?
During the 1920s, the first wave of women’s movements began, including suffrage and temperance. These efforts eventually culminated with the ratification of the 19th Amendment in 1920. Until that time, women had very few opportunities to advance in the workplace. However, they had a very important role to play in this revolution. They had to work to make the world a better place for all.