You can examine the battery in your house to see if it functions similarly to mitochondria. It functions like mitochondria, giving off energy to the cell. A household item can also be used to represent the nucleus or lysosome. It can also be used as a symbol for the cell’s wall. But if the battery isn’t as important as mitochondria, you can always turn to a battery for its power.
To make the connection even more concrete, consider the electrical box in the kitchen. It is the nucleus, where transcription, translation, and replication take place. The walls in the kitchen serve as the cell’s cell membrane, and the window panes let light into the room but hold heat when the glass gets hot. Tin foil and bottle caps could also be used to represent mitochondria. Remember that mitochondria should be smaller than the nucleus, but not as small as ribosomes.
Pipe cleaners can be used to represent the rough endoplasmic reticulum. But you can also use a pipe cleaner with beads. The cell wall could be made of aluminum foil in a square shape. To get an idea of the actual function of each of these structures, you can search for them online and make a model of them. If you’re unsure about what household item is similar to mitochondria, a simple solution would be to place a triple A battery in a ziploc bag.
While mitochondria may seem similar to a battery, they actually function differently. Instead of storing energy in a cellular nucleus, mitochondria produce energy in the cell’s outer membrane. They also produce energy necessary for cell processes. You may be surprised to know that a typical cell may contain hundreds of mitochondria, whereas a red blood cell will have only a few. It’s possible to relate mitochondria to household items, so it’s time to explore the new method for energy storage.
Despite many similarities, mitochondria are very different from nuclear DNA. The outer membrane covers all organelles, but the inner mitochondrial membrane folds into shelves that extend inward. These folds are known as cristae and the number and shape of these shelves will vary depending on the tissue or organism. This arrangement has both benefits and disadvantages. It’s likely that mitochondria originated from the same source, but differ in their function and appearance.
The electron transport chain is found in the inner membrane of a mitochondrion. The chain generates a proton gradient that is used by ATP synthase to phosphorylate ADP. Mitochondrion inner membrane folds into cristae to facilitate the efficient transport of electrons throughout the cell. This structure protects the mitochondria from external damage. The mitochondrial cristae are located within the cell’s outer membrane.