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The Bhabha Atomic Research Centre (BARC) is a highly specialized research organization in the field of nuclear technology. The organization also conducts research in areas of high technology, including the development of supercomputer infrastructure. The firm has several key projects in its pipeline, including the FBTR, IPHWR-220, LEHIPA, and LEHTA.
The FBTR is a nuclear reactor that focuses on the development of advanced fuels. The reactor is a fast breeder reactor, which is capable of producing reactor-grade plutonium within eight to ten years. The initial units of the reactor will run on carbide and mixed oxide fuel. Eventually, the reactor will use metallic fuel, which will result in a shorter doubling time. In 2013, FBTR announced plans to convert to metallic fuel, and a 500-MW unit is expected to produce about two tonnes of reactor-grade plutonium within eight to ten years.
The Bhabha Atomic Research Centre (BARC) is the premier nuclear research facility in India. It is based in Trombay, Mumbai, Maharashtra. Founded in 1954, it is the flagship research facility of the Department of Atomic Energy, which is directly overseen by the Prime Minister of India.
The IPHWR-220 is an indigenously developed pressurized heavy water reactor (PHWR) and is the latest generation of nuclear reactors in India. It was developed from the earlier CANDU-based RAPS-1 and RAPS-2 designs. It is capable of producing 220 MW of electricity. It is currently operational in 14 locations across India.
Fast Breeder Test Reactor
The BARC has started building a Fast Breeder Test Reactor, which will help reduce India’s dependency on foreign nuclear fuel. Once the reactor is completed, it will allow India to harness its abundant thorium resources for nuclear power. The reactor could produce enough energy for India to run its entire energy system for around 10,000 years.
The reactor is being built at a site near Madras in India. The reactor, which is designed to be able to produce 500 MWe of power, began construction in 2004. It was initially scheduled to start generating power by 2010 but had to be delayed significantly. The reactor was delivered 1750 tonnes of sodium coolant in 2014, but it is still not operational. It is currently awaiting AERB approval and criticality.
BARC is currently undergoing a huge expansion, and the Low Energy High Intensity Proton Accelerator (LEHIPA) is one of its major projects. This new facility will consist of a 20 MeV proton linac and 50 keV ion source. A drift tube linac with a 3 MeV radio-frequency quadrupole will also be part of the LEHIPA. The BARC has also started a new institute called the Homi Bhabha National Institute, which will promote basic sciences research. Other facilities include the Raja Ramanna Centre for Advanced Technology (IGCAR), and the Variable Energy Cyclotron Centre (VECC). In addition, BARC is a partner in several nuclear power projects, including the Tarapur Atomic Power Project (TAPP) and